Ayurveda translates loosely as “Knowledge of Life”. Ayurveddas origin is traceable 5,000 years old at the time of writing had not existed. It is believed that Vedic teachings were passed through the knowledge of the world or are obtained through meditation. Knowledge of the use of various methods of treatment, prevention, longevity and surgery came through Divine revelation. These discoveries were transcribed from the oral into book form, interspersed with further aspects of the life and spirituality. The first scripts were written not too durable materials such BHODŽAPATRA, which is the bark of the Himalayan plants BETULA UTILIS (Himalayan birch). Manuscripts can not be kept long term and require utmost caution due to the volatile nature Bhodžapatra why then were later transcribed scripts on copper plates and stone and shared verbally through various sects in india.
Scholars Vedic literature and Indology considered the first man monk VED Vyasa who documented the main part of Ayurveda apart from other Vedic literature through his spiritual enlightenment and deep insight of the universe. The Vedas consist of four major books that deal with different aspects of life. They are: Rig (Rik) Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharvaveda Of the four Vedas, the Rig-Veda is considered the oldest extant treatise on the planet, dating back 3,000 years BC Rig-Veda describes in detail the concepts of cosmology on the principles of philosophy samkhya.
References to the theory Tridoša Vata Pitta and Kapha that underlies Ayurveda sporadically located in the Rig-science. They also discussed herbs and their use as pharmaceuticals and pathogens and Crime. However, it is Atharvaveda, which are the main references on Ayurveda. Ayurveda is therefore considered as a supplement or Upveda Atharvaveda.
Atharvaveda gives a systematic description of Ashtanga Ayurveda-or eight-branch of Ayurveda. Ashtanga Ayurveda. Ashtanga Ayurveda has gradually developed into individual odvědví around 1500 BC The eight branches of Ayurveda: Kaja-Čikitsa which can be compared to the internal medicine Šaljatantra to surgery. Šalakjatantra to ORL. Agadtantra on toxicology. Bhuta-Vidya to spiritual healing and psychiatry. Kaumarbhrutja & Prasutitantra the pediatrics and gynecology. Rasayanas to geriatrics and rejuvenation. Vádžikaran to sexulogii love and attachment pleasure. Ayurveda and its currents were disseminated through two schools then.
Atreyu Sampradaya School physicians whose main treatise is Caraka Samhita. Sampradaya Dhanvantari school of surgeons who Sushruta Samhita serve as the main discourse. These two schools made Ayurveda a more scientifically verifiable and ranked it as the health system. Ayurveda practice was at its peak in the Buddhist era, around 520 BC This period of growth meant Rasa-Sastre and Siddha medicine, which is characterized by significant use of mercury, sulfur and metals in combination with herbs for preparing drugs. Before Ayurveda used only herbs and some minerals. With a wealth of Ayurveda progress, preparations during this period and their high efficiency, this science under the auspices large, with many foreign scholars visiting India to learn this craft.
At the time of Chandragupta Maurya regime around 304 BC – 298 BC, Ayurveda was introduced as the health care system in India. This period could therefore be described as a golden age of Ayurveda history. However Buddhist era can be highlighted as a torque decrease Dhanvantri-sampradaya that specializes in surgery. Ruler Ashoka, around the year 304 BC – 232 BC, influenced by Buddhist teachings known after the Kalinga war, took the path of peace and sprirituality, free from injury and bloodshed. The decision had a major impact and after 250 BC was taken in all over Asia.
Ayurveda Šaljatantra almost disappeared. On the contrary, the spread Atrej Sampradaya School doctors were quick. Mughal invasion of India was destroyed many ayurvedic writings when Mughals razed ancient universities like Nalanda and Takšila, which contained a lot of files. Mughals were known for their high propensity to carnal pleasures. Therefore, for stop mode in Mughalsekého rasayanas and Vádžikarana they were highly favored and Ayurvedic brought to the highest level, and it continued until the British colonized India, which resulted in a massive decrease in the practice of Ayurveda and IM